Tips on Creating a Sustainable Spring Garden

How to grow a sustainable spring garden

how to create a sustainble spring gardenAmanda Stewart and her husband Paul, are the proprietors of Barrow and Bench Mitre10, a delightful hardware store and garden centre, located in Adelaide’s inner Southern suburbs. Amanda has long had a connection to the land and the natural environment. Her childhood was spent on a broad acre farm in rural South Australia, where local provenance natives were protected from stock and growing and producing your own food was the norm. So began a lifelong interest in plants, the environment and the animals that share it.

Amanda’s working career with gardens began in an entirely different field. She worked as a personal assistant for a number of Labor State Government Ministers and Opposition Leader, Mike Rann, for almost 20 years. Treatment for leukaemia in her early 30’s was a catalyst for change and she made the decision to study Horticulture and a Diploma in Landscape Design. She now offers a garden design and horticultural advice service through the store. In 2015 and again in 2016, Amanda represented Mitre10 as a garden expert on Channel 9’s renovation TV show The Block, and she regularly appears on locally produced TV show In the Garden, hosted by garden identity, Kim Syrus.

Amanda and her family live on a delightful rural property in the Adelaide Hills where she has undertaken revegetation and creek management; grown woodlot plantations; has a delightful orchard and vegetable garden, and tends to the flowers that fill her home. Like all gardens, hers is not without its challenges. Amanda gardens without access to mains or bore water, and battles very cold winters (with frosts to minus 5), and hot, dry summers. When you consider she ‘shares’ her fruit, vegetables and flowers with hordes of hungry rabbits, cockatoos, and when the kids forget to shut the gate, cows as well, you will begin to get a picture of how tough her garden really is. Happily, she also shares her garden with dozens of blue wrens, pardalotes and other native birds, microbats, and blue banded bees, along with a band of busy hens, geese and guinea fowl.

No matter how big or small your garden is, Amanda shares her tips below, for a sustainable spring garden.

Here are Amanda’s Tips For a Sustainable Spring Garden

What a delightful time of the year. Bulbs, which emerged from the ground during the depths of winter, reveal their beautiful blooms; trees laden with blossom herald the promise of summer fruit; and the last of the winter lemons hang gracefully from their branches.

Spring, of course, brings warmer weather and longer days. In most parts of Australia, signs of spring have been with us for some time now. As the days have lengthened, buds have been swelling and bursting into flower, birds have been busy nesting and raising young, and very organised gardeners may already have prepared their summer veggie beds!

Spring can also be out of control, disorderly and downright chaotic. Left unchecked, weeds, which had barely 5cm of growth yesterday, will be smothering your veggies next week. Aphids begin to appear in plague-like proportions, feasting on sappy, fresh growth, and if you pop your head into a garden centre you might well feel overwhelmed by seedling choices which await you… Organic? Heritage? Heavy bloomers? Dwarf forms? Repeat croppers?

Now is the time to pour yourself a pot of tea, and sit in the sun in your favourite part of the garden and plan what you want for your spring-summer garden. While spring is about abundance and planting, it really is also about preparation.

1. Be Observant

Look around your garden. Make a note of those plants that performed well over winter, and those that have not. Do you have plants that tolerated wet feet, frosty conditions or wind, better than others? These are the kinds of plants that will do well in your garden. Those which have suffered the conditions, may not be the best choices for planting again. Consider the sun angles, wind conditions and soil type. Speak with your garden centre about plants that will enjoy your particular garden conditions and aspect.

2. Be Grateful

The greyness of constant wet days during winter, can drain your soul and your enthusiasm for gardening. Wet winters are, however, like money in the bank. Always be grateful for the benefits of water in the soil, that flow through to summer. If you are lucky to have had a wet winter, it will provide your garden with the buffer it needs against hot summer spells, and helps your plants better withstand summer’s heat. Remember that those people in areas suffering from drought, will be in an entirely different, and difficult, situation.

How to grow a sustainable spring garden

3. Avoid

A note of caution for gardens which are particularly water logged – refrain from digging or walking over the garden until things have dried out a little. Constant foot traffic will compact the soil and digging wet soils can alter their soil structure. Allowing the area to drain and dry out before planting, will help to preserve your soil structure. Heavy clay soils will benefit from the addition of gypsum and organic matter.

How to grow a sustainable spring garden4. Weed

Hand pull weeds out if you are able – it keeps you fit and strong, and while you are weeding, you get the chance to really observe your plants and your soil. It is amazing what you notice when you are up close to your garden. Other weed options for smaller areas, or over paved sections, are gas flame guns – these are most effective on small weeds and do work well on driveways and paths.

You can make a ‘chook tractor’, and allow your hens to work over a bed – they really are very efficient, and while they are scratching over the bed they will remove any pest bugs and insects in the soil. ‘Chook Tractors’ can be as simple or as elaborate as you like, but be sure to keep your girls safe from predators, and make sure that they have adequate fresh water. Sheet mulching also helps to reduce weeds. Use whatever organic matter you can get your hands on (biscuits of straw works well, as does commercial mulch, newspaper or cardboard).

5. Prepare

Hasten to prepare summer productive vegetable beds now. Remove weeds and spent vegetables (give them to the chickens or compost them). Dig plenty of compost and organic matter through your soil – homemade is great, but if you don’t have a compost bin or access to aged manures, then bagged compost and manures are fine too. Apply some blood and bone to your patch and dig lightly through.

How to grow a sustainable spring garden6. Plant

Now is the time to plant out summer productive vegetables and herbs including: artichokes, basil, chilli, chives, cucumber, eggplant, lettuce, pumpkin, radish, squash, zucchini, melons, strawberries. In frost prone areas hold off planting potatoes, pumpkins, spinach squashes, tomato, basil and other frost tender seedlings, until all chance of frost has passed. If flowers are your thing then think petunias, zinnias, cornflowers, dahlias, dianthus, geranium, impatiens, lobelia, marigolds, portulaca, sunflowers, wall flowers, verbena and vinca … to name just a few!

How to grow a sustainable spring garden7. Move

Early spring is the perfect time to move evergreen trees and shrubs. Try to dig up as much of the root ball as you can. Dig your new hole twice as wide as the root ball; fill the hole with a couple of buckets of water prior to planting, and allow it to drain through. Once you have moved your plant give it a light prune, and water again, this time with seasol.

How to grow a sustainable spring garden8. Feed

  • Lawns: feed with a specially formulated lawn fertiliser. Water in your fertiliser and refrain from mowing for at least 3-4 days.
  • Bulbs: feed with a balanced fertiliser once the flowers have finished, but before the leaves die down
  • Camellias, azaleas, rhododendrons and winter flowering shrubs: feed with a balanced fertiliser after flowering

How to grow a sustainable spring garden9. Harvest

Harvest all winter veg, so that you can make room for summer plantings. Pick the last of your winter lemons and share them with your neighbours and friends; turn down onion leaves and stop watering plants to allow the onion to mature.

10. Look out for…

Sweet, sappy spring growth is the preferred food of animals and insects of all shapes and sizes. Keep an eye out for aphids (green and black). You can protect plants from aphids by giving them a sharp squirt with the hose, or by using a horticultural oil. Beetles will be bustling about leaf litter; and snails become abundant in spring (go on patrol in the early evening with your torch …. step on them if you are game, or pop them in a bucket and feed to your hens or ducks). Possums in some areas will cause heartache as they devour fresh shoots and flower buds, along with rats that will happily eat the skin and zest of citrus hanging on trees. Discourage them from your garden by using wind chimes, plastic plant collars or netting.

How to grow a sustainable spring garden11. Prune

Prune and shape evergreen, winter flowering shrubs. and straggly, winter affected perennials. A word of caution here – only remove frost damaged growth once all chance of frost has passed. In some regions this may be as late as early November. Despite their straggly appearance, damaged leaves will offer a level of protection to fresh growth beneath. It also pays to give your bougainvillea a prune before its summer growth and flowers

How to grow a sustainable spring garden12. Check

Whilst in many regions you won’t need irrigation just yet, be sure to check your system and repair any faults so that it is working and ready to go as soon as your garden needs it.

How to grow a sustainable spring garden13. Refresh

Refresh your indoor plants by popping them outside in the gentle morning light of spring, giving them a squirt or two with the hose to rinse off household dust and grime. Trim off any old or damaged leaves and fertilise them before popping them back inside. Re-pot into a larger pot if necessary, or if you need to refresh the potting mix with a quality mix.

Enjoy! Most of all, take time to enjoy your garden and the many benefits it offers you and your family.

About Barrow and Bench Mitre10

B&B is a thoroughly modern hardware store and garden centre. You will find all the things you need to live a sustainable and happy life, along with fabulous service, and qualified staff, to help you on your way. Established in 1978, Barrow and Bench Mitre10 have been serving local renovators and home owners for almost 40 years. For much of this time it has been owned by the Stewart Family, with Paul and Amanda purchasing the Malvern store from Paul’s father in 2013. Their focus is on ensuring the store continues to grow and develop as a reputable, locally owned, family business.

In the multi award winning garden centre at Barrow and Bench you will find a range of organic and conventional products, including fertilisers, potting mixes, lawn products, garden power tools and hand held tools, and irrigation supplies, along with a fabulous range of plants you might not normally expect to find in a Mitre10 store. For sale you will find annuals, perennials, ornamental and fruiting deciduous trees, citrus, espalier and advanced shrubs, water plants (seasonally), garden art, and raised beds to name a few. Many items within the garden centre are hand crafted, including works by local sculptor, Rod Manning; sun catchers by a local glass artist, along with hand crafted wind chimes, bird feeders and bird houses. Staff at Barrow and Bench are experienced, and all garden staff are qualified horticulturalists.

Barrow and Bench have a long and proud history of supporting local community groups, schools, Churches and sporting clubs. The store works closely with the Highgate Men’s Shed, supplying materials, and offering a retail outlet for bird houses the men construct. On the sustainable front, Barrow & Bench offer a battery recycling service (house hold batteries only), and, along with other Mitre10 stores across Australia, offer a free globe recycling service (house hold quantities only). Recently the store reduced its reliance on conventional electricity supply by installing solar panels, and it collects rain water which is used in the garden centre. Amanda and Paul continuously work on reducing their footprint on the earth, both at home and in their business.

Find out more on their website 


1 Comment

  1. Helene Wild on October 17, 2016 at 10:06 am

    Great advice. Thanks Helen U0001f33a U0001f339

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